In the course of my research, I found an article by Tom J. Lewis in a 1917 International Socialist Review. Strangely enough, this Portland-based socialist organizer was writing about hipness decades before I would have expected to see anything about the concept in a political periodical, let alone the socialist periodical of note in the early twentieth century. Lewis urged workers to “get hip!”
I wrote about Lewis’s vision of hipness and its relationship to contemporary understandings of the concept for the latest issue of Quarterly Horse: A Journal of Brief American Studies. Quarterly Horse is a really great project. It is an open-access peer-reviewed journal that publishes short form creative scholarship. Check out my article and then check out the rest of the issue: http://www.quarterlyhorse.org/winter17/cashbaugh.